Orange County, Virginia

Code of Ordinances



Sec. 54-161. - Dedication of streets.

All streets shall be dedicated to the county as future right-of-way on the final plat unless otherwise specifically provided for in this chapter. Where a tract of land is bisected by the dedication of right-of-way, that lot is effectively subdivided.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-162. - Street names.

A street name is required for a new road serving three or more lots or an existing road on which three or more parcels are being subdivided, and shall otherwise comply with the provisions of section 54-65(4). Names of existing streets shall not be changed except by approval of the board of supervisors.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-163. - Street name signs.

A street name sign shall be required for every street named in accordance with section 54-162. Street name signs shall be designed in accordance with county standards. Sign installation will be provided by the county at the rate in existence at the time of installation. The developer shall be responsible for the cost to manufacture and install each sign and shall make payment for this service to the E-911 department prior to final plat approval being given.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-164. - Street lights.

Installation of street lights shall be required in all multifamily and townhouse developments.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-165. - Reserve strips.

Except as provided for in section 54-168, the creation of reserve strips shall not be permitted adjacent to a proposed street in such a manner as to deny access from adjacent property to the street.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-166. - Road condition prior to construction.

In any new subdivision, major or minor, all roads along which housing construction is scheduled to begin must be graveled prior to the construction of that housing.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Sec. 54-167. - Construction standards.

Private Streets shall be constructed as follows:

1.         Any road created to serve one (1) or two (2) lots, or any family subdivision of up to seven (7) lots, may be privately constructed and maintained.

2.         Any road created to serve between three and up to seven lots (i.e. a minor subdivision), or any other road not otherwise provided for in this ordinance, may be privately constructed and maintained, provided the following minimum street construction standards are met:

1)         The minimum width of the roadway shall be twelve (12) feet and the minimum vertical clearance shall be fourteen (14) feet;

2)         The road surface may be either paved or gravel. Gravel roads shall consist of a minimum of six (6) inches of aggregate; paved roads shall consist of a minimum six (6) inches of gravel and asphalt;

3)         The roadway shall provide adequate drainage so as not to promote standing water;

4)         All culverts shall be constructed and installed to VDOT standards.

  .         Any existing private road upon which property is divided such that the road serves between three and up to seven lots must be improved to meet the private street requirements as referenced in Sec. 54-167(2). Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to apply to any previously approved lot or subdivision unless a new division occurs which affects said private road.

4.         Any road created to serve eight or more lots (i.e. a major subdivision), or any other subdivision road as so desired by the property owner(s), shall be constructed to meet the Virginia Department of Transportation Subdivision Street Requirements (i.e. the public street requirements). For any private road or extension of an existing road platted and approved on or after March 10, 2015 upon which property is divided such that the road cumulatively serves eight or more lots, the road must be improved to meet the public street requirements up to and including the frontage of the subdivided lot(s).

5.         Covenants outlining the responsibility of construction and maintenance of any private right-of-way created to serve a subdivision shall be submitted to the county attorney for review with a plat of said subdivision and subsequently recorded with said subdivision plat upon approval.

        (Ord.02-25-2014; Ord. 03-10-2015)

Sec. 54-168. - Access to the state highway system.

 An adequate system of streets shall be constructed to provide access from all lots to the state highway system.

1. Any subdivision creating more than 40 lots on new subdivision streets shall have more than one point of access to the state highway system. All points of access shall be located and constructed in accordance with VDOT Access Management Standards and Subdivision Street Requirements.

2. Where a subdivision borders on or contains an existing or proposed principal arterial (as defined by VDOT regulations), the subdivision agent may require that access to such streets be limited by one of the following means:

a. The subdivision of lots such that they back on the principal arterial and front on a parallel street within the subdivision. No access shall be provided from the principal arterial and screening shall be provided in a strip of land at least 50 feet in width, or as provided for in the zoning ordinance, along the rear property line of such lots.

b. A series of cul-de-sacs, U-shaped streets, or short loops entered from and designed generally at right angles to a parallel street within the subdivision, with the rear lines of their terminal lots backing onto the principal arterial and separated from the arterial by a buffer at least 50 feet in width, or as provided for in the zoning ordinance.

c. A marginal access or service road (separated from the principal arterial by a planting or grass buffer at least 50 feet in width, or as provided for in the zoning ordinance, and having access at points consistent with VDOT Access Management Standards).

     (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-169. - Access to adjoining property.

The arrangement of streets within the subdivision shall provide for the continuation of principal streets between adjacent properties. Streets within the subdivision shall be dedicated and improved, at strategic locations to provide for future access to adjoining properties which may be subdivided in the future, and at locations where they will connect with streets already platted or constructed on adjoining property. Each street connection shall intersect property lines at a 90 degree angle or as otherwise approved by VDOT.

Whenever a parcel of land located adjacent to an existing subdivision is to be subdivided, a street shall be located so as to connect with the platted street connection of that existing subdivision. The developer of the new subdivision shall be required to improve the connecting street, including the dedicated street connection of the existing subdivision.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-170. - System design.

The following shall be considered in the development of a street system to serve lots within a subdivision, and shall be based upon a traffic impact analysis performed in accordance with the chapter 527 requirements of VDOT:

1. All streets shall be arranged so as to obtain as many buildings sites as possible at or above the grades of the streets. Grades of streets shall conform as closely as possible to the original topography of the site and shall meet VDOT specifications and standards.

2. All streets shall be properly integrated with the existing and proposed system of thoroughfares and dedicated rights-of-way as established by the comprehensive plan and the VDOT six-year plan.

3. All thoroughfares shall be designed to accommodate anticipated traffic levels pursuant to a traffic impact study prepared in accordance with the chapter 527 requirements of VDOT.

4. Minor or local streets shall be laid out to conform as much as possible to the existing topography, to encourage use by through traffic, to permit efficient drainage and utility systems, and to require the minimum number of streets necessary to provide convenient and safe access to property.

5. The street pattern established for a new development, whether a rectangular gridded street pattern or that of curvilinear streets, cul-de-sacs or U-shaped streets, shall be used where such general pattern is already established within the surrounding area and where such pattern shall create the most efficient means of interconnectivity and traffic circulation.

6. Proposed internal subdivision streets shall be extended to the boundary lines of the tract to be subdivided unless prevented by topography or other physical conditions, or unless, in the opinion of the subdivision agent, such extension is not necessary or desirable for the coordination of the layout of the subdivision with the existing layout or the future development of adjacent tracts.

7. Accommodations shall be provided for pedestrian and bicycle traffic.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Sec. 54-171. - Minimum widths.

The minimum width of proposed streets right-of-way, measured from lot line to lot line, shall be in accordance with regulations established by VDOT. Except as provided for in section 54-28.10., in no case shall a street right-of-way be less than 50 feet in width.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-172. - Approach angle.

The angle of intersection between streets shall be as close as possible to a right angle. In no case shall the angle be less than 80 degrees unless approved by the subdivision agent, upon recommendation of the VDOT engineer, for specified reasons of contour, terrain, or matching of existing patterns.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-173. - Grades.

The grades of streets shall be in accordance with VDOT specifications and standards, and such grades, as submitted on subdivision road plans, shall be approved by VDOT prior to final action by the subdivision agent.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-174. - Cul-de-sacs.

A local terminal street (cul-de-sac), designed to have one end permanently closed, shall be not longer than 1,200 feet, as measured from the outlet to the beginning of the turnaround. However, the subdivision agent may waive this provision when, in the judgment of the subdivision agent, extreme topographic conditions would cause undue hardship if the subdivider complied with this provision. Each cul-de-sac must be terminated by a turnaround of not less than 110 feet in right-of-way diameter.

      (Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Sec. 54-175. - Dead-end roads.

1. Dead-end roads (temporary). If the adjacent property is undeveloped and the street must temporarily be a dead-end street, the right-of-way shall be extended to the property line. A temporary T or L-shaped turnaround or cul-de-sac shall be provided on all temporary dead-end streets. The length of temporary dead-end streets shall be limited in length to 1,200 feet, as measured from the outlet to the beginning of the turnaround.

2. Dead-end roads (permanent). Where a road does not extend beyond the boundary of the subdivision and its continuation is not required for access to adjoining property, the end of the road right-of-way shall be no closer than 50 feet to the property. However, the subdivision agent may require the reservation of an appropriate easement that extends beyond the end of the road right-of-way to accommodate drainage facilities, pedestrian traffic, or utilities. A cul-de-sac turnaround shall be provided at the end of a permanent dead-end street in accordance with VDOT standards and specifications. For greater convenience to traffic and more effective police and fire protection, permanent dead-end streets shall, in general, be limited in length to 1,200 feet as measured from the outlet to the beginning of the turnaround.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-176. - Drainage easements.

1. Where existing topography or other conditions make it impractical for the inclusion of drainage facilities within road rights-of-way, perpetual, unobstructed easements, at least 20 feet in width, for drainage facilities shall be provided across property outside the road right-of-way boundaries. Easements shall be indicated on the preliminary and final plats. Drainage easements shall extend from the road to a natural watercourse or to other drainage facilities.

2. When a proposed drainage system will carry water across private land outside the subdivision, appropriate drainage easements must be secured and indicated on the preliminary and final plat.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-177. - Private streets.

Streets that are not constructed to meet the standards necessary for inclusion in the system of state highways will be privately maintained and will not be maintained by VDOT or the county, and will not be eligible for acceptance into the system of state highways unless improved to current VDOT standards with funds other than those appropriated by the General Assembly and allocated by the Commonwealth Transportation Board.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-178. - Requirements for alleys.

Alleys should be avoided wherever possible, but if alleys are unavoidable, the requirements for providing alleys within a subdivision are as follows:

1. No alley right-of-way shall be less than 20 feet in width, or more than 28 feet in width.

2. Alleys may be provided in commercial and industrial areas, except where other provision is made for service access, such as off-street parking, loading and unloading, consistent with and adequate for the uses proposed.

3. Alleys shall not be provided in residential subdivisions and developments unless the need for such is adequately demonstrated to the subdivision agent.

4. Alley intersections and sharp changes in alignment shall be avoided but, where necessary, corners shall provide sufficient radius to permit safe vehicular movements.

5. Dead-end alleys shall be avoided where possible but, if unavoidable, shall be provided with adequate turn around facilities at the dead end as determined by the subdivision agent.

6. For any new alley, or any extension of any existing alley, a road maintenance agreement governing the construction, repair and regular upkeep of such alley or extension must be approved by the county attorney. This agreement must be recorded with the plat creating such alley or extension and all deeds of conveyance for lots adjacent to or deriving access from such alley or extension.

7. No alley will be maintained by VDOT.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Sec. 54-179. - Right-of-way additions.

1. Where the comprehensive plan indicates a proposed right-of-way greater than that existing along the boundaries of a subdivision or lot, the additional right-of-way shall be dedicated for public use when the plat is recorded.

2. When a new subdivision abuts one side of an existing or platted road or street where the right-of-way width is less than 50 feet, the subdivider shall be required to dedicate at least 25 feet from the centerline of any existing or platted road or street.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Secs. 54-180—54-189. - Reserved.


Sec. 54-190. - Sidewalks.

In all townhouse or multifamily developments or in any developments with a density of greater than three units per acre sidewalks are required on both sides of the road (beyond the road right-of-way).

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-191. - Curbs and gutters.

Curb and gutter shall be required in developments with a density greater than three units per acre or in multifamily or townhouse developments.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)

Sec. 54-192. - Pedestrian way.

The subdivision agent may approve the location of a pedestrian way other than in a street right-of-way in a subdivision where such pedestrian way shall be maintained by a homeowners association. The pedestrian way shall be located in a permanent easement at least eight feet in width and all parts of such pedestrian way shall be visible from streets or other public areas.

            (Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Secs. 54-193—54-199. - Reserved.