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CODE OF ORDINANCES

DIVISION 1. - GENERALLY

 

Sec. 70-581. - Amateur radio antennas; height requirements.

Pursuant to Code of Virginia of 1950, as amended, § 15.2-2293.1 amateur radio antennae up to 200 feet in height are exempt from the height requirements specified in this section. In order to protect the safety of adjacent property owners and the public, the base of any such antennae shall be setback from every and all property lines a minimum of one-third the number of feet as the height of the antennae. All reasonable and customary engineering practices shall be followed in the erection of any amateur antennae. Location of any amateur radio antennae over 200 feet in height shall require issuance of a special exception by the board of zoning appeals.

(Ord. of 10-12-1999)

Sec. 70-582. - Large retail uses.

Any "large retail use" as defined in section 70-1 shall submit a special use permit application and site plans. The purpose for this application is to promote architectural excellence and character as well as to ensure compatibility with surrounding uses, enhance property values, improve the environment by mitigating negative impacts, related but not limited to noise, public infrastructure and light pollution, promote improved pedestrian and vehicular movements, encourage efficient use of land and maintain positive community appearance, and meet guidelines as adopted by the board.

(Ord. of 6-10-2008(3))

Secs. 70-583—70-600. - Reserved.

 

DIVISION 2. - AIRPORT

 

Sec. 70-601. - Applicability.

In addition to the other provisions of this chapter, all unincorporated areas of the county located beneath the approach surfaces, transitional surfaces, horizontal surfaces and conical surfaces as they apply to the county airport and the Gordonsville Municipal Airport shall be subject to the provisions of the Orange County, Virginia, Airport Zoning Ordinance as adopted and amended by the board of supervisors. Such zones are set out in FAR part 77 and shown on the imaginary surfaces map attached to the Orange County, Virginia, Airport Zoning Ordinance, appendix A of this volume.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1110)

 

Secs. 70-602—70-620. - Reserved.

 

DIVISION 3. - BUILDING STANDARDS

 

Sec. 70-621. - Principal structures allowed.

Only one principal structure, and those structures customarily accessory to it, may be permitted on any lot. Up to seven (7) farm tenant houses may be considered accessory to a farm, as defined in Sec. 70-1. Any road serving three (3) or more addressed dwelling units on such a farm shall be named.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1102.01; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

Sec. 70-622. - Uses requiring special use permit.

 Truck trailers, boxcars or similar constructions shall be permitted for residential, commercial or industrial occupancy only by special use permit. Occupancy of a recreational vehicle for more than 30 days shall be permitted only in a campground authorized by a special use permit.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1102.02)

 

Sec. 70-623. - Temporary use of manufactured or mobile homes.

 The temporary use of manufactured homes or mobile homes may be allowed as outlined below:

 (1) Temporary emergency housing. A manufactured home or a mobile home used solely for temporary emergency housing may be placed and used in any zoning district at the site of the destroyed or damaged structure upon issuance of a temporary zoning permit by the zoning administrator, subject to such reasonable conditions as he may prescribe. In such cases, the applicant shall establish some demonstrable hardship, other than medical or financial, brought on by flood, fire, storm or other natural disaster. Such temporary permit shall be issued for a period not to exceed six months and may be renewed for additional six-month periods not to exceed a total permit period of 24 months. Prior to occupancy of the temporary dwelling, the applicant must also obtain a building permit for that dwelling. The manufactured home or mobile home shall be removed within 60 days of the expiration date of the temporary zoning permit or within 60 days of the issuance of a certificate of occupancy from the building department, whichever occurs first.

 (2) Temporary use while constructing a conventional home. A manufactured home or a mobile home may be used solely for temporary housing during the construction of a conventional home in the agricultural (A) district on the same lot where a single-family detached dwelling is being constructed and for which a building and zoning permit has been issued. The zoning administrator shall issue a temporary zoning permit for the temporary manufactured home and may prescribe reasonable conditions as needed. Such temporary permit shall be issued for a period not to exceed that which is reasonably expected for the construction of the conventional dwelling, generally not to exceed 12 months. If additional time for construction is needed as shown by the applicant, the zoning administrator may extend such permit for an additional period of time not to exceed a total permit period of 24 months. Prior to occupancy of the temporary dwelling, the applicant must also obtain a building permit for that dwelling. The manufactured home or mobile home shall be removed within 60 days of the expiration date of the temporary zoning permit or within 60 days of the issuance of a certificate of occupancy from the building department, whichever occurs first.

 (3) Medical emergency housing. In the event of a medical emergency, a manufactured home may be used as temporary housing for immediate family members, as well as any mentally or physically impaired persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption of the caregiver, or of whom the caregiver is the legally appointed guardian, in the agricultural (A) district provided the applicant can show a medical need for such housing and obtains a temporary zoning permit from the zoning administrator as provided in this section and in any single family residential zoning district on lots zoned for single family detached dwellings. The applicant for a medical emergency housing permit shall present a demonstrated need for such housing, including but not limited to medical certificates, doctor's statements, etc. The applicant shall show that he is the owner of record of the tract of land on which the manufactured home is to be located and that the persons to occupy the manufactured home are members of his immediate family. The application shall be filed with the zoning administrator for review and subsequent approval or disapproval. A permit approved pursuant to this section may not be subsequently transferred to the heirs or assigns of the applicant. Such temporary permit shall be issued for a period not to exceed six months and may be renewed for additional six-month periods not to exceed a total permit period of 24 months. Prior to occupancy of the temporary dwelling, the applicant must also obtain a building permit for that dwelling. The manufactured home or mobile home shall be removed within 60 days of the expiration date of the temporary zoning permit.

 (4) In every instance as described in this section, the manufactured home shall be placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and installed according to all applicable local and state building codes. Prior to the occupancy of any manufactured home as described in this section, a valid well and septic permit shall be obtained from the state department of health; and a final inspection authorizing occupancy shall be made by the building department. An entrance permit from the state department of transportation shall be obtained prior to the location of any new driveway.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1102.03; Ord. of 5-13-2003; Ord. of 6-28-2011(10))

 

Secs. 70-624—70-645. - Reserved.

 

DIVISION 4. - SETBACKS

 

Sec. 70-646. - Primary highways.

 The minimum distance by which any structure, except signs, gasoline pump islands, and their canopies, shall be separated from the right-of-way of a primary highway, irrespective of property lines, shall be as follows:

 (1) Germanna Highway (VA Route 3): 100 feet.

 (2) James Madison Highway (US Route 15) north of the Town of Orange: 150 feet.

 (3) James Madison Highway (US Route 15) south of the Town of Orange: 100 feet.

 (4) Constitution Highway (VA Route 20) north of the Town of Orange or south of Spotswood Trail (US Route 33) in Barboursville: 100 feet.

 (5) Constitution Highway (VA Route 20) south of the Town of Orange and north of Spotswood Trail (US Route 33) in Barboursville: 300 feet.

 (6) Spotswood Trail (US Route 33): 100 feet.

 (7) Blue Ridge Turnpike (VA Route 231) north of the Town of Gordonsville: 300 feet.

 (8) Blue Ridge Turnpike (VA Route 231) south of the Town of Gordonsville: 100 feet.

 (9) Zachary Taylor Highway (US Route 522): 100 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1105.01)

 

Sec. 70-647. - Reserved

 

Sec. 70-648. - Gasoline pump islands and canopies.

 Gasoline pump islands and canopies may be set back up to half of the setback distance required in section 70-646.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1105.03; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

Sec. 70-649. - Permanent signs on primary highways.

 Permanent signs shall be set back 300 feet from the right-of-way of Constitution Highway (VA Route 20) south of the Town of Orange and north of US Route 33 in Barboursville, and 300 feet from the right-of-way of Blue Ridge Turnpike (VA Route 231) north of the Town of Gordonsville. On other primary highways, each permanent sign shall be set back from the right-of-way a distance equal to its height.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1105.04)

 

Secs. 70-650—70-670. - Reserved.

 

 

DIVISION 5. - OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

 

Sec. 70-671. - Purpose and applicability.

The regulations in this division are established for the purposes of: (1) maximizing the safety and functionality of parking areas; (2) providing parking and loading facilities in a reasonable proportion to the needs of one or more uses; (3) reducing minimum parking requirements to coincide with common usage rather than peak usage; (4) minimizing the visual and environmental impacts of parking areas on neighboring properties; and (5) allowing for flexible site design and layout.

Except as otherwise provided for, the regulations in this division shall apply to: (1) each new use or structure approved after the date of adoption of these regulations; (2) any site redevelopment whereby any structure is demolished in order to accommodate new construction; and (3) each change or intensification of any use that necessitates additional parking, but only to the extent of the additional parking.

 

Sec. 70-672. – Parking area design and use.

(a) General design standards.

(1) Location. All required off-street parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot as the structure or use to which they are accessory, or on a lot contiguous thereto which has the same zoning classification and is under the same ownership. The zoning administrator may authorize the latter provided that the required parking spaces are located within five-hundred (500) feet of a building entrance to the use that such spaces serve, and that ownership arrangements are made so as to assure the permanent availability of such spaces to the satisfaction of the administrator.           

 (2) Uses. All required off-street parking spaces shall be used for the parking of operable vehicles.       

 (3) Layout. On any property for which the minimum parking requirement is forty (40) or more spaces, parking areas shall be split up such that no more than half of the required number of spaces is located in the front yard.           

 (4) Separation of parking from use. No parking area or spaces shall be separated from the use or structure they serve by a street whose classification is a major collector or higher.      

 (5) Entrances. Any lot may have a maximum of two (2) entrances on the road(s) serving the lot and parking area. The zoning administrator may modify this requirement for lots containing multiple uses, such as shopping centers, for unique site constraints, for lots fronting on any arterial highway (see below), and/or to meet any applicable VDOT regulation(s). Such entrances shall be at least ten (10) feet from any side property line and at least ten (10) feet in width per lane.         

 (6) Access to arterial highways. Except as may be provided for elsewhere in this Ordinance, lots and/or developments fronting on an arterial highway shall utilize a shared access concept such that no site has exclusive access to the arterial highway at intervals of less than one access point every five hundred (500) feet, measured from the center line of the entrance(s). If shared access cannot be provided due to either site constraints or incompatibility of adjacent uses, the site shall be limited to one exclusive access point, or for shopping centers, one exclusive access point per five hundred (500) feet of road frontage.            

 (7) Parking areas on adjacent lots. Connections shall be provided between parking areas on adjacent lots and/or developments, provided they share similar zoning classifications.         

 (8) Surfacing.  All off-street parking, stacking, loading and drive areas, except for those required for single-family and two-family dwellings, shall be surfaced so as to provide a durable and dustless surface, and shall be graded so as to dispose of all surface water accumulation within the area, unless such surface water accumulation is part of a designed stormwater runoff control measure. Parking lots with fifteen (15) or more spaces, along with any stacking and drive areas, shall be surfaced with concrete, asphalt or other bituminous pavement, pavers, and/or permeable/pervious pavement.    

 i.   The zoning administrator may grant a waiver from the paving requirement for: (1) any use deemed to be of a rural and intermittent nature whereby the applicant submits sufficient written and graphic evidence that the paving requirement is not appropriate to the specific site and use due to the location, size, intensity of use or other unique, site-specific conditions; (2) any temporary or overflow parking whereby the applicant submits a written statement that such parking is not for permanent use; or (3) any use for which vehicular access is provided by a state-maintained road which is not hard-surfaced and is not planned to be hard-surfaced at the time of site plan submittal.      

(9) Emergency access. Drive aisles may be utilized as emergency access lanes provided the centerline of said aisle is no farther than thirty (30) feet from the principal structure(s). Where practical, emergency access lanes shall be provided outside of drive aisles and other required parking areas.        

 (10) Lighting. All lights used to illuminate any parking, stacking, loading or drive areas shall be of the full-cutoff variety (i.e. they do not project light above the horizontal plane of the fixture) and so arranged so as to direct light and glare downward and away from streets or neighboring properties.     

 (11) Demarcation. Parking spaces in lots of five (5) or more spaces shall be delineated by painted lines, curbs, bumper blocks, vertical lines on continuous curbing or other appropriate means of marking. Any method of demarcation shall be maintained and periodically restored as long as the parking area serves an active use.       

 (12) Pedestrian circulation. Accommodations for pedestrians moving between the parking area(s) and building(s) shall be provided such that pedestrian access through and around the parking area(s) is separate from the vehicular drive aisles. There shall be a sidewalk at least five (5) wide between the side of any building(s) and an adjacent parking area.      

 (b) Modification or waiver. Except where individually specified, the zoning administrator may modify or waive any of the general standards contained within Sec. 70-672(a) so long as the administrator finds that the public health, safety or welfare would be equally or better served by the modification or waiver and that the modification or waiver would not otherwise be contrary to the purpose and intent of this chapter. For any denial of a modification or waiver request, the applicant(s) may file an appeal pursuant to Sec. 70-68.

           (Ord. 10/27/15)

 

Sec. 70-673. – Parking requirements.

 (a) Uses not listed. The zoning administrator shall determine the required parking and loading requirements for any uses not specifically listed herein, based upon the most similar uses that are listed.

 (b) Computations. The computation of the number of required parking spaces shall be in accordance with Sec. 70-673(f), unless otherwise modified. The zoning administrator may accept a parking study prepared by a transportation engineer or other similarly licensed transportation professional to determine peak or maximum parking requirements.

 (1) Where any computation results in a fractional number, the number of required parking spaces shall be rounded to the nearest whole number.        

(2) For the purposes of this section, gross floor area shall include all interior floor area devoted to and ancillary to the use, including storage and warehousing space unless otherwise stated.    

(3) Where parking is based on the number of employees, the number of employees shall mean the maximum number of persons working on any one (1) shift. 

(4) All references to maximum occupancy shall mean the maximum occupancy as determined pursuant to the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code.        

(5) Garage spaces, and other covered spaces or bays outside of drive aisles and any required vehicle stacking area, may be counted towards the minimum number of required parking spaces.   

 (c) Alternative parking. In recognizing the various forms of personal transportation available, modifications to the total number of required parking spaces are permitted below. Alternative parking spaces shall be marked appropriately with signage and/or pavement stenciling.

 (1) Motorcycles. Parking spaces for motorcycles may substitute for up to five (5) required automobile spaces or five (5) percent of required automobile parking, whichever is less. For every three (3) motorcycle spaces provided, the minimum number of automobile parking spaces may be reduced by one (1).   

(2) Small cars. Where the minimum number of parking spaces is fifteen (15) to one-hundred (100), up to twenty-five (25) percent of the installed spaces may be for small cars. Where the total requirement is over one-hundred (100) spaces, spaces for compact cars may constitute up to thirty-five (35) percent of the installed spaces.          

(d) Maximum parking. In order to avoid excessive surpluses of parking which increase development costs and impervious surfaces, as well as reduce the economic viability of land, impervious parking for all uses other than individual single-family and two-family dwellings shall not be provided in excess of ten (10) percent above the required minimum. Where parking is to be provided in excess of ten (10) percent above the required minimum, parking areas above this threshold shall be surfaced with permeable/pervious pavement or other low-impact design alternative. On sites where the soil conditions do not allow for the successful installation of permeable/pervious pavement, and upon sufficient written and/or graphic evidence submitted by the applicant of such, the zoning administrator may waive the permeable/pervious paving requirement.

 (e) Parking area setbacks. Parking areas shall be set back a minimum of fifteen (15) feet from any front property line and ten (10) feet from any side or rear property line. Where buffer yards are required due to different neighboring zoning classifications, parking areas may encroach up to half of the required buffer yard. Parking areas adjacent to any primary highway may encroach up to half the required setback distance otherwise required by Sec. 70-646. The Board of Supervisors may approve a special exception for any encroachment of a parking area in excess of the latter.

 (f) Minimum parking requirements.

 

Agricultural Uses

Parking Required

Agriculture (as defined, except for farm breweries, wineries, and distilleries open to the public)

No requirement

Farm brewery, winery, or distillery (open to the public)

1 per 200 sq. ft. of gross floor area generally open to the public

Farm enterprise

1 per non-resident employee

Farm stand

1 per 100 sq. ft. of sales area; 3-space minimum

Farmer’s Market

1.5 per booth or vendor’s space

Stable, commercial

1 per non-resident employee, plus 1 per every 4 animals stabled

Stable, private

No requirement

Residential & Lodging Uses

Parking Required

Accessory apartment

1, plus the dwelling unit requirement

Bed and breakfast inn

1 per guest room, plus the dwelling unit requirement

Dwelling, single-family (attached or detached)

2 per dwelling unit

Dwelling, two-family

2 per dwelling unit

Dwelling, multifamily

     One bedroom

     Two bedrooms

     Three bedrooms

     Four or more bedrooms

1.75 per dwelling unit

2.0 per dwelling unit

2.25 per dwelling unit

2.5 per dwelling unit

Home occupation

1, plus the dwelling unit requirement

Hotel/Motel

1.1 per guest room, plus additional spaces for separate concurrent uses

Manufactured home

2 per home or per leasable space within manufactured home parks

Short-term lodging facility

1 per guest room, plus the dwelling unit requirement

Institutional & Civic Uses

Parking Required

Day care center/Nursery facility

1 per employee, plus 0.1 per person of maximum occupancy, plus 1 per vehicle associated with the facility, plus a dedicated pick-up/drop-off vehicle stacking area

Family day care home

1 per non-resident employee, plus the dwelling unit requirement

Funeral home/parlor

0.25 per person of maximum occupancy for the main chapel, plus 1 per two employees, plus 1 per hearse and/or company vehicle

Group home

0.5 per resident, plus 1 per non-resident employee

Hospital (in-patient care)

1 per 2 patient beds, plus 1 per employee

Museum/Gallery

1.25 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area; 4 space minimum

Nursing home/Assisted living facility

0.2 per bed, plus 1 per employee, plus 1 per vehicle associated with the facility

Place of worship

0.25 per person of maximum occupancy for the main assembly area, plus required parking for other daily ancillary uses

School (public and private)

To be determined by the zoning administrator based on a parking study submitted by the owner, and in consideration of traffic generation figures, peak parking demands, and other relevant available data

Professional Office Uses

Parking Required

Bank

2.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area, plus each drive-through lane shall accommodate stacking for 5 vehicles

Contractor/Consultant office

1 per 600 sq. ft. gross floor area

Doctor/Dentist office

1.2 per examination/operation room, plus 3 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area of the ancillary office use

General office

3 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area excluding storage areas; 3-space minimum

Government office

4 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area, or as determined by the zoning administrator

Laboratory

2.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area excluding storage areas

Veterinary clinic

3, plus 2 per examination/operation room

Commercial Uses

Parking Required

Antique shop

1 per 600 sq. ft. gross floor area

Car wash (as a principal use)

1 per bay, plus stacking space for 1 vehicle behind each bay, plus 1 per vacuum/air/etc. facility

Car wash (as an accessory use)

Stacking space for 3 vehicles behind the wash bay, plus 1 per vacuum/air/etc. facility

Convenience store with vehicle refueling facilities

2.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area, plus necessary vehicle stacking area (spaces at pumps may not count toward the minimum parking requirement), plus 1 per vacuum/air/etc. facility

Grocery/Food store (including pharmacies)

4 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area excluding storage areas

Kennel

1 per 500 sq. ft. gross floor area not including runs

Kitchen (commercial food preparation)

2.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area, plus 1 per delivery/company vehicle

Laundromat

5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area

Nursery, retail

2 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross indoor sales floor area, plus 1 per 2,000 sq. ft. gross outdoor sales floor area, plus 1 per delivery/company vehicle

Personal service establishment

3 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area; 4 space minimum

Retail, general

3.3 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area excluding storage areas; 4-space minimum

Retail, hard goods (including furniture, large appliances, hardware, building materials, auto parts, etc.)

1.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross floor area, plus 1 per delivery/company vehicle

Restaurant with drive-through facilities

1 per 125 sq. ft. gross floor area (including outdoor seating areas), plus each drive-through lane shall accommodate stacking for 5 vehicles

Restaurant, general (including drinking establishments)

1 per 100 sq. ft. gross floor area (including outdoor seating areas)

Shopping center

3 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross sales floor area

Vehicle service/repair

2 per bay, plus spaces for other ancillary uses on-site (e.g. general retail or vehicle rentals)

Vehicle sales and rentals (including farm equipment)

2 per 1,000 sq. ft. gross indoor floor area, plus 1 per 2,000 sq. ft. gross outdoor sales/display area (total is in addition to 1 space for each vehicle for sale/displayed outdoors)

Industrial Uses

Parking Required

Distribution facility

1 per employee, plus spaces for any ancillary office, retail, etc. use on-site

Junk yard/Salvage yard

1 per employee, plus 1 per 5,000 sq. ft. of land area devoted to material storage, plus spaces for any ancillary office use

Manufacturing/Processing facility

1 per employee, plus spaces for any ancillary office, retail, etc. use on-site

Mini-storage, indoor

1 per 25 storage units, plus 3 for any office

Mini-storage, drive-up

3 for any office or 4 if a dwelling unit is also present (space in front of each storage unit may be utilized as parking for the units, provided that a drive aisle of ample width is retained)

Warehouse

1 per employee, plus spaces for any ancillary office, retail, etc. use on-site

Recreational Uses

Parking Required

Club/lodge

0.3 per person of maximum occupancy

Golf course

2 per hole, plus spaces for any ancillary use

Gym or Health and fitness center/studio

0.2 per person of maximum occupancy, plus 1 per employee

Public pool

1 per 125 sq. ft. of water surface

Recreational courts and fields

     Baseball or softball diamond

     Basketball court

     Soccer or football field

     Tennis court

     Volleyball court

14 spaces per diamond

6 spaces per court

14 spaces per field

2 spaces per court

6 spaces per court

Shooting range, indoor

1 per firing stall/lane, plus spaces for any retail use on-site

Shooting range, outdoor

As determined by the zoning administrator

General

Parking Required

Indoor assembly space not otherwise identified

0.25 per person of maximum occupancy, plus spaces for other incidental uses

Parks and general outdoor assembly space

As determined by the zoning administrator, based on the nature of the use and relevant traffic and parking data available

 

Sec. 70-674. – ADA-accessible parking.

 (a) In order to provide for adequate off-street parking spaces for persons with disabilities, the special requirements given in this section shall be included in nonresidential developments to ensure compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA).

 (b) The number of spaces required under the provisions of section 70-673(f) shall include the following ADA-accessible off-street parking space requirements:

 

Total Number of Required

Off-Street Parking Spaces

Total Minimum Number of ADA-Accessible Spaces (Column A)

 

Van-Accessible Parking spaces with min. 96” wide access aisle

Car-Accessible Parking Spaces with min. 60” wide access aisle

1-25

1

1

0

26-50

2

1

1

51-75

3

1

2

76-100

4

1

3

101-150

5

1

4

151-200

6

1

5

201-300

7

1

6

301-400

8

1

7

401-500

9

2

7

501-1000

2 percent of total

1/8 of Column A*

7/8 of Column A**

1001 and over

20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000

 

* 1 out of every 8 accessible spaces ** 7 out of every 8 accessible spaces

 (c) All ADA-accessible spaces shall have access to a curb ramp or curb cut when necessary to allow access to the building served, shall be located so that users will not be compelled to wheel behind parked vehicles, shall be located so that the space will not be blocked by another vehicle, and shall be located the shortest possible distance between the parking area and the entrance to the principal building it serves.

 (d) Each ADA-accessible parking space shall contain all appropriate clearances, markings and signage as required by the most currently adopted federal ADA Standards for Accessible Design at the time of site plan approval.

            (Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 1106.04; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

Sec. 70-675. – Dimensional requirements.

 (a) Orientation of spaces. Parking spaces may be oriented perpendicular, angled, parallel or curvilinear to the drive aisle.

 (b) Minimum parking space and drive aisle dimensions. Parking spaces and drive aisles shall be designed in accordance with the following minimum dimensional requirements:

 (1)  Parking envelope dimensions.

 

Type

Perpendicular and Angled Parking

Parallel and Curvilinear Parking

Standard space

9’ x 18’

8½’   x 21’

Small car space

8’ x 15’

7½’ x 18’

Motorcycle

4’ x 8’

4’ x 8’

ADA-accessible (car)

14’ x 18’ (including a 4’ striped access aisle)*

As approved by the zoning administrator

ADA-accessible (van)

17’ x 18’ (including a 8’ striped access aisle)*

 

            *Double spaces may share a single striped access aisle.

 

(2) Drive aisles.

                                   

Angle of Spaces

One-Way Aisles

Two-Way Aisles

90°

18’

22’

75°

16’

20’

60°

16’

20’

45°

14’

20’

30°

14’

20’

14’

20’

 

 (3) Clustering of Spaces. For uninterrupted rows of parking spaces, the spaces shall be divided by landscape islands at least six (6) feet wide such that no more than ten (10) spaces are in an uninterrupted line.

            (Ord. 10-27-15)

 

 Sec. 70-676. – Shared parking.

 (a) Required off-street parking spaces may be provided cooperatively for two (2) or more uses, and the amount of such combined space shall equal the sum of the amounts required for the separate uses. At the request of the applicant(s), the zoning administrator may approve a reduction in the number of required parking spaces for a shared parking arrangement subject to the following:

(1) A reciprocal deeded agreement, along with any necessary easement plats, is approved as part of the site plan approval process and recorded as a public document which assures the perpetual joint use of such shared parking.

(2) A parking study is submitted which supports the shared parking proposal.

(3) No parking spaces are reserved for individuals or groups on a 24-hour basis.

(4) Up to thirty (30) percent of the parking spaces may be shared between uses operating at similar times and days of the week.

(5) Up to fifty (50) percent of the parking spaces may be shared between uses that operate at different times of the day and/or different days of the week.

(6) If the conditions for shared parking become null and void and the shared parking arrangement is discontinued, this will constitute a violation of zoning regulations for any use approved expressly with shared parking. The applicant must then provide written notification of the change to the zoning administrator and, within sixty (60) days of that notice, provide a remedy satisfactory to the zoning administrator to provide adequate parking.

            (Ord. 10-27-15)

 

 Sec. 70-677. - Parking lot landscaping.

 (a) Generally. Every parking lot for fifteen (15) or more vehicles shall be subject to the provisions of this section.

 (b) Interior. The interior of the parking lot shall include at least one-hundred (100) square feet of landscaped area, and one shade tree, per ten (10) parking spaces (or portion thereof). Each landscaped area shall have a minimum width of six (6) feet. Landscaped strips required by subsection (d) shall not be calculated as required interior landscaping area.

 (c) Road frontage. In addition to interior landscaping as required in subsection (b) of this section, there shall be a landscaped strip at least fifteen (15) feet wide separating the parking area from any adjoining road, except where driveways or other openings are required. At least one shade tree shall be planted for every fifty (50) feet of frontage (or portion thereof). Such trees may be planted anywhere within the landscaped strip.

 (d) Adjoining property. Except where two adjoining parcels share common access to the highway, there shall be a landscaped strip at least ten (10) feet wide separating the parking area from any side or rear lot line. At least one (1) shade tree shall be planted for each fifty (50) lineal feet of landscaped strip (or portion thereof). Such trees may be planted anywhere within the landscaped strip. Where two adjoining parcels share common access to the highway, no landscaping shall be required between them.

 (e) Shade trees. "Shade tree," as used in this section, shall mean a deciduous tree, native to the area, at least 1¼-inch caliper (approximately eight (8) feet in height) at the time of planting, which normally reaches a height of thirty (30) feet or more and a crown spread of twenty (20) feet or more at maturity. If twenty (20) or more trees are required by this section, no more than one-fourth of the trees shall be of any one species.

 (f) Landscaping plan. A landscaping plan shall be submitted in conjunction with site plan review. Such landscaping plans shall be drawn to scale and shall clearly show all existing and proposed parking spaces or other vehicular areas and the location, size and description of all landscaping materials.

 (g) Maintenance. The owner of a parking area is responsible for maintenance of such parking lot and shall replace dead trees, shrubs and landscaping, and maintain fences, in a manner consistent with the initial requirements of the landscaping plan.

 (Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1107; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 1107.02; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

 Sec. 70-678. – Loading and unloading areas.

 (a) In addition to the required off-street parking requirements, and on the same premises with any commercial or industrial use, but outside of the road right-of-way, there shall be provided and maintained adequate space for standing, loading and unloading.

 (b) One off-street space shall be provided for each 20,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof for any commercial use, and for each 40,000 square feet for any industrial use. Such off-street loading space shall be a minimum of 10 feet in width, 14½ feet in clearance height, and a depth of 20 feet, or sufficient depth to accommodate the largest delivery trucks serving the establishment, whichever is greater. The zoning administrator may approve the co-location of a single loading area within a vehicular drive aisle provided the applicant provides sufficient written evidence that loading/unloading will not occur during peak parking demand and the co-location of such a loading area will not negatively impact the circulation of vehicles throughout the parking area.

 (c) No loading/unloading space(s) shall be located in the front yard of any lot.

 (d) The zoning administrator may modify or waive any of the standards contained within this section so long as the administrator finds that the public health, safety or welfare would be equally or better served by the modification or waiver and that the modification or waiver would not otherwise be contrary to the purpose and intent of this chapter. For any denial of a modification or waiver request, the applicant(s) may file an appeal pursuant to Sec. 70-68.

 (Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1108; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

Secs. 70-679--70-695. - Reserved.

 

DIVISION 6. - SIGNS

 

Sec. 70-696. - Hazardous signs prohibited.

For the purpose of this chapter, the following types of signs shall be deemed hazardous to motorists or pedestrians, and shall be prohibited:

(1) Signs that simulate official traffic signs;

(2) Signs with moving parts;

(3) Signs with flashing lights;

(4) Signs that cause dangerous reflections or glare;

(5) Signs that obstruct motorists' vision;

(6) Signs displayed on utility poles;

(7) Signs that overhang a public road right-of-way; and

(8) Signs located within the public right-of-way of streets, highways or other public property.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1111.01; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

 Sec. 70-697. - Portable, mobile signs or temporary signs.

 (a) Portable or mobile signs shall only be permitted for seasonal or brief activities as provided in this section. They shall be no more than 32 square feet in area or eight feet in height. All other signs shall be permanently attached to the ground or a permanent structure and shall comply with the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code.

 (b) Temporary signs may be displayed for no more than 60 days at a time, and no more than 120 days per year per site or per event.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1111.02; Ord. of 7-26-2011; Ord. 10-27-15)

 

 Sec. 70-698. - Pylon and canopy signs.

 (a) Pylon signs shall be treated as other signs for the purpose of the square footage calculation for area requirements for each lot.

 (b) For canopy signs, only the area or display surface of the written wording shall be used for calculation of area requirements.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1111.03; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Sec. 70-699. - Off-site advertising signs.

 No more than one off-site advertising sign shall be permitted on each lot. Off-site advertising signs shall meet the size and height requirements of the zoning classification of the property on which the sign is being located. Digital signs shall not be permitted for off-site advertising.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1111.04; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

 Sec. 70-700. - Setbacks on primary highways.

 Permanent signs shall be set back 300 feet from the right-of-way of Constitution Highway (VA Route 20) south of the Town of Orange and north of US Route 33 in Barboursville, and 300 feet from the right-of-way of Blue Ridge Turnpike (VA Route 231) north of the Town of Gordonsville. On other primary highways, each permanent sign shall be set back from the right-of-way a distance equal to its height.

(Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 1111.05)

 

 Sec. 70-701. - Digital signs.

 (a) Digital signs shall not be located along any corridor designated as a Virginia Byway within the county.

 (b) Pursuant to § 33.1-369, VA Code Ann., digital signs shall not be permitted to be located within 660 feet of any property owned by the US Department of the Interior or the National Park Service, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, any property listed on the National Register of Historic Places or the Virginia Landmarks Register.

 (c) Only one monument or pylon digital sign shall be allowed per development. This limitation shall not apply to any sign utilized strictly for displaying gas station pump prices, where such signage otherwise complies with County sign regulations.

 (d) Where a digital sign is to be a part of a pylon or monument sign, the maximum size of the display area shall not exceed 40 percent of the total area of the sign on which it is to be placed.

 (e) For a stand-alone digital sign, the sign area shall not exceed 64 square feet.

 (f) Images on a digital sign shall change as follows:

(1) No more frequently than once every four seconds.

(2) Image transition modes must be consistent for all frames and shall not simulate movement through means such as scrolling or rolling.

(3) Images shall not employ hold modes such as twinkle or bijou effects and shall not flash or scroll in any direction.

 (g) Brightness levels shall be lowered for night-time display so that the image does not cause glare that may be distracting to passing motorists or pedestrians.

(Ord. of 7-26-2011; Ord. 03-11-2014)

 

 Secs. 70-702—70-730. - Reserved.