CODE OF ORDINANCES

Article IV - District Regulations

DIVISION 1. - GENERALLY


Sec. 70-276. - Zoning districts.

(a) For the purpose of this chapter, the unincorporated areas of Orange County, Virginia are hereby divided into the following zoning districts:

Agricultural (A).

Limited Residential (R-1).

General Residential (R-2).

Planned Residential (R-3).

Multifamily Residential (R-4).

Limited Commercial (C-1).

General Commercial (C-2).

Limited Industrial (I-1).

General Industrial (I-2).

(b) The location and boundaries of these districts are shown on the zoning maps of the county, incorporated in this section by reference and on file in the county offices.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 101)

 

Sec. 70-277. - Unauthorized uses prohibited.

Any use not expressly permitted or permitted by special use permit in a specific district is prohibited.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 102)


Secs. 70-278--70-300. - Reserved.


DIVISION 2. - AGRICULTURAL ZONING DISTRICT - (A)


Sec. 70-301. - Intent.

The agricultural zoning district (A) comprises most of the land area of the county. It preserves the rural character of the county by protecting agriculture from conflicts with incompatible uses and discourages the random scattering of commercial and industrial uses and residential developments. In addition to agriculture, it permits the traditional rural pattern of homes and small businesses.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 201)

 

Sec. 70-302. - Permitted uses.

In the agricultural district, land may be used for the following uses, and any accessory use that is customarily incidental to such uses, including home occupations:

(1) Agriculture.

(2) Single-family dwelling.

(3) Two-family dwelling.

(4) Manufactured home.

(5) Place of worship.

(6) Cemetery or graveyard.

(7) Sign subject to sections 70-308 and 70-696

(8) Farm enterprise, farm stand, wayside stand.

(9) Temporary uses, with a zoning permit pursuant to sections 70-309 and 70-122, limited to the following:

a. Temporary or seasonal sales.

b. Special events.

(10) Accessory Apartment

(11) Commercial Kitchen or Smokehouse

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 202; Ord. of 7-12-2011(2); Ord.11-13-2013; Ord. 03-11-2014)

 

Sec. 70-303. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the agricultural district the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Agricultural equipment sales or service, or both.

(2) Airport.

(3) Bed and breakfast inn.

(4) Boarding kennel or commercial breeding kennel.

(5) Camp, campground or recreational vehicle park.

(6) Carnival, circus, fairground or similar temporary activity.

(7) Elder care center, child day care center, or nursery school.

(8) Livestock auction or farmer's market.

(9) Manufactured home park.

(10) Mine or quarry.

(11) Office of less than 4,000 square feet gross floor area, including professional or contracting office.

(12) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(13) Public garage.

(14) Public use such as school, park, library, fire and rescue station, public utility, or maintenance facility.

(15) Retail store of less than 4,000 square feet gross floor area, including, farmer's market, farm stand greater than 1,000 square feet gross floor area, flea market, or retail nursery.

(16) Sanitary landfill.

(17) Veterinary service, including animal hospital.

(18) Cluster housing development (see also article VI).

(19) Bicycling, horseback riding, carriage rides, and other similar transient recreational uses which involve overnight night stays on private property.

(Ord. of 8-11-1998, §§ 203, 203.18; Ord. of 5-8-2001; Ord. of 7-12-2011(2))

 

Sec. 70-304. - Area regulations.

In the agricultural zoning district, the minimum lot area shall be two acres, except in cluster developments subject to article VI, or manufactured home parks subject to article VII.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 204)

 

Sec. 70-305. - Frontage regulations.

In the agricultural zoning district, the minimum lot frontage shall be 200 feet, except in cluster developments subject to article VI, or manufactured home parks subject to article VII. Each lot shall meet the minimum requirement, either at the front lot line or at the required building setback.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 205)

 

Sec. 70-306. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the agricultural zoning district, the regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street with a right-of-way 50 feet or more in width shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street with a right-of-way less than 50 feet in width shall be 85 feet from the centerline of the road.

(e) The minimum side yard width for each main structure shall be 20 feet. The minimum side yard width for each accessory structure shall be ten feet.

(f) The minimum rear yard width for each main structure shall be 35 feet. The minimum rear yard width for each accessory structure shall be ten feet.

(g) For corner lots the side yard adjacent to the side street shall not be less than the minimum setback. For double-frontage lots the rear yard shall not be less than the minimum setback.

(h) The zoning administrator may authorize construction of an unenclosed porch no more than ten feet deep to be attached to a single-family dwelling, irrespective of setbacks or required yards, upon finding in writing that such porch will not be detrimental to adjoining property or the intent of this chapter. If the zoning administrator does not make such finding, the board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception for such porch.

(i) The setback for any new dwelling shall be a minimum of 50 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. Construction proposed to take place within any floodplain shall comply with those provisions as outlined in chapter 34

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 206; Ord. of 7-24-1998, § 206.08)

 

Sec. 70-307. - Height regulations.

In the agricultural zoning district, structures other than public utility facilities and silos shall be 40 feet in height or less. The board of supervisors may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 40 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 207)

 

Sec. 70-308. - Signs.

(a) In the agricultural district, signs are permitted within the guidelines as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines. See also section 70-696 et seq.

(b) One permanent sign for every 200 feet of road frontage shall be permitted. The total area of permanent signs shall be 32 square feet or less.

(c) Monument signs and pylon signs shall be eight feet or less in height. Building signs shall not project above the top or sides of the building.

(d) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists and pedestrians.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 208; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Sec. 70-309. - Temporary uses.

In the agricultural district, temporary uses may be permitted upon the issuance of a temporary zoning permit granted by the zoning administrator.

(1) Reserved.

(2) Temporary or seasonal sales.

a. Temporary sales of produce not otherwise permitted by right, meals, Christmas trees, fireworks, and other seasonal goods, are permitted upon approval of a temporary zoning permit. Such permit may impose conditions necessary to alleviate any adverse impacts such as provisions for adequate traffic control, on-site parking, public safety, fire safety, hours of operation, provision for sewage disposal, and other health and safety concerns.

b. A temporary zoning permit for temporary sales of farm or food products shall be valid for a period not to exceed 90 days, and shall require that all structures and materials be removed within such time period.

1. Structures for temporary sales shall meet the required setbacks set forth in section 70-306 (setbacks and yards).

2. Entrances and exits must be clearly delineated and located to provide safe ingress and egress from roads.

c. Outdoor on-site farm or food products sales shall be allowed daily.

d. Flea markets shall be allowed one, three-weekend event every 30 days. Permitted hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.

(3) Special events.

a. A temporary zoning permit shall be required for special events that are planned for or which reasonably may be expected to attract more than 100 persons a day. Examples of special events which require a temporary zoning permit are: Carnival, circus, equipment show and display, festival, fair, fireworks show, tent event or similar meetings or events. Each subsequent event shall require a new permit.

b. Adequate provisions must be made for off-street parking, security, safe ingress and egress, refuse disposal, sanitary facilities as appropriate and approved by the zoning administrator.

c. Special events are permitted only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m., Sunday through Thursday; and 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 a.m., Friday and Saturday. The zoning administrator may require that no activity, including set-up or knockdown of any such use, be permitted between 11:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.

d. Night operations shall be permitted only if the zoning administrator determines that the proposed lighting protects the public safety and will not cause excessive glare into residential areas or onto public streets.

e. If a temporary use permit is obtained for an outside music/festival, an entertainment permit will not be required.

f. Prior to issuance of a zoning permit, fireworks shows must also obtain a fireworks display permit, which sets forth the days and hours of the show, from the county administrator's office.

g. The following special events are exempt from the requirements of this section and may occur without a temporary zoning permit. Exempt special events, however, shall remain subject to all other applicable provisions of this section and the county laws and regulations, including obtaining any and all other permits necessary for said event.

1. Special events planned or reasonably expected to attract less than 100 persons at any one time.

2. Special events to include private parties and social events occurring within, or upon the grounds of, a private residence, where the property owner receives no compensation for hosting the event and guests/attendees are not charged an admission fee.

3. Any event sponsored in whole or in part by the county or another political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia.

4. Any organized special events conducted at sites or facilities typically intended, used, and designed for such events. Examples of such exempt activities include: sporting events conducted on courses or fields, animal show events, equestrian events held at stables or riding facilities, events held on the property of historic home/site museums, wedding services, wine tasting and wine tasting dinners at wineries whose facilities are designed for such events, and conferences and similar events in facilities designed and which have a zoning permit for such use.

5. Any established event/festival that has been in existence five or more years prior to the passing of this ordinance amendment will not be required to obtain a temporary use permit, provided that the use does not change.

6. Yard sale events at a private residence or community yard sale, held by the occupant of the residence, that do not last more than three days at any given time.

(Ord. of 7-12-2011(2))

 

Secs. 70-310--70-330. - Reserved.


DIVISION 3. - LIMITED RESIDENTIAL ZONING DISTRICT - (R-1)


Sec. 70-331. - Intent.

The limited residential district comprises low-density residential areas. It protects such areas from the traffic, noise and other effects of commercial and industrial uses and medium- and high-density residential development, and avoids conflicts with agricultural uses. It also encourages use of community water and sewer systems.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 301)

 

Sec. 70-332. - Permitted uses.

In the limited residential district, land may be used for the following uses, and any customarily incidental accessory use, including home occupations:

(1) Single-family dwelling.

(2) Agriculture, except keeping of any animals other than those customarily kept as household pets.

(3) Place of worship.

(4) Public use such as school, park, library, fire and rescue station, public utility, or maintenance facility.

(5) Sign subject to sections 70-338 and 70-696 et seq.

(6) Accessory Apartment

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 302; Ord. of 11-13-2013)

 

Sec. 70-333. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the limited residential district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Elder care center, child day care center, or nursery school.

(2) Keeping of animals other than those customarily kept as household pets.

(3) Office of less than 4,000 square feet gross floor area, including professional or contracting office.

(4) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 303)

 

Sec. 70-334. - Area regulations.

(a) In the limited residential district, where a dwelling is served by neither a community water system nor a community sanitary sewer system, the minimum lot area shall be 40,000 square feet.

(b) Where a dwelling is served by either a community water system or a community sanitary sewer system, but not both, the minimum lot area shall be 30,000 square feet.

(c) Where a dwelling is served by both a community water system and a community sanitary sewer system, the minimum lot area shall be 20,000 square feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 304)

 

Sec. 70-335. - Frontage regulations.

In the limited residential district, the minimum lot frontage shall be 100 feet. Each lot shall meet the minimum requirement either at the front lot line, or at the required building setback.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 305)

 

Sec. 70-336. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the limited residential district, regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The minimum side yard width for each main structure shall be 20 feet. The minimum side yard width for each accessory structure shall be ten feet.

(e) The minimum rear yard width for each main structure shall be 35 feet. The minimum rear yard width for each accessory structure shall be ten feet.

(f) For corner lots, the minimum side yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 25 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 35 feet.

(g) The zoning administrator may authorize construction of an unenclosed porch no more than ten feet deep to be attached to a single-family dwelling, irrespective of setbacks or required yards, upon finding in writing that such porch will not be detrimental to adjoining property or the intent of this chapter. If the zoning administrator does not make such finding, the board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception for such porch.

(h) The setback for any new dwelling shall be a minimum of 50 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. Construction proposed to take place within any floodplain shall comply with those provisions as outlined in chapter 34

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 306; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 306.07)

 

Sec. 70-337. - Height regulations.

In the limited residential district, structures other than public utility facilities shall be 40 feet or less in height. The board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 40 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 307)

 

Sec. 70-338. - Signs.

(a) In the limited residential district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines. See also section 70-696 et seq.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any lot shall be six square feet or less.

(c) Monument signs and pylon signs shall be eight feet or less in height. Building signs shall not project above the top or sides of the building.

(d) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists and pedestrians.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 308; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-339--70-360. - Reserved.



DIVISION 4. - GENERAL RESIDENTIAL ZONING DISTRICT (R-2)


Sec. 70-361. - Intent.

The general residential district comprises low- and medium-density residential areas. It protects such areas from the traffic, noise, and other effects of commercial and industrial uses and high-density residential development, and avoids conflicts with agricultural uses. It also encourages use of community water and sewer systems.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 401)

 

Sec. 70-362. - Permitted uses.

In the general residential district, land may be used for the following uses, and any customarily incidental accessory use, including home occupations:

(1) Single-family dwelling.

(2) Place of worship.

(3) Public use such as school, park, library, fire and rescue station, public utility, or maintenance facility.

(4) Signs subject to sections 70-368 and 70-696 et seq.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 402)

 

Sec. 70-363. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the general residential district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Elder care center, day care center, or nursery school.

(2) Keeping of animals other than those customarily kept as household pets.

(3) Office of less than 4,000 square feet gross floor area, including professional or contracting office.

(4) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 404)

 

Sec. 70-364. - Area regulations.

(a) In the general residential district, where a dwelling is served by neither a community water system nor a community sanitary sewer system, the minimum lot area shall be 40,000 square feet.

(b) Where a dwelling is served by either a community water system or a community sanitary sewer system, but not both, the minimum lot area shall be 30,000 square feet.

(c) Where a dwelling is served by both a community water system and a community sanitary sewer system, the minimum lot area shall be 10,000 square feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 404)

 

Sec. 70-365. - Frontage regulations.

In the general residential district, the minimum lot frontage shall be 70 feet. Frontage shall be measured from one side lot line to the other, parallel to a segment connecting the endpoints of the front lot line. Each lot shall meet the minimum requirement either at the front lot line, or at the required building setback.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 405)

 

Sec. 70-366. - Setback and yards.

In the general residential district, the following regulations shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet six inches in height:

(1) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(2) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(3) The minimum side yard for each structure shall be ten feet.

(4) The minimum rear yard for each main structure shall be 25 feet. The minimum rear yard for each accessory structure shall be ten feet.

(5) For corner lots, the minimum side yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 25 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 35 feet.

(6) The zoning administrator may authorize construction of an unenclosed porch no more than ten feet deep to be attached to a single-family dwelling, irrespective of setbacks or required yards, upon finding in writing that such porch will not be detrimental to adjoining property or the intent of this chapter. If the zoning administrator does not make such finding, the board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception for such porch.

(7) The setback for any new dwelling shall be a minimum of 50 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. Construction proposed to take place within any floodplain shall comply with those provisions as outlined in chapter 34

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 406; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 406.07)

 

Sec. 70-367. - Height regulations.

In the general residential district, structures other than public utility facilities shall be 40 feet in height or less. The board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 40 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 407)

 

Sec. 70-368. - Signs.

(a) In the general residential district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines. See also section 70-696 et seq.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any lot shall be six square feet or less.

(c) Monument signs and pylon signs shall be eight feet or less in height. Building signs shall not project above the top or sides of the building.

(d) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists and pedestrians.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 408; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-369--70-390. - Reserved.



DIVISION 5. - PLANNED RESIDENTIAL ZONING DISTRICT (R-3)


Sec. 70-391. - Intent.

The planned residential district is intended for planned residential developments where a portion of the land area is permanently devoted to private recreational or conservation uses, such as lakes, parks, golf courses, or open space. Because of the permanent allocation of such areas, lot size and setback regulations may be less than in other residential districts. It also subjects the development of planned communities to more careful control than is the case for other residential developments.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 501)

 

Sec. 70-392. - Permitted uses.

In the planned residential district land may be used for the following uses and any customarily incidental accessory use, including home occupations:

(1) Single-family dwelling.

(2) Two-family dwelling.

(3) Multifamily dwelling.

(4) Community services such as office, day care center, elder care center, or security facility.

(5) Place of worship.

(6) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(7) Public or private use such as school, park, library, fire/rescue station, utility or maintenance facility.

(8) Signs subject to sections 70-400 and 70-696 et seq.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 502)

 

Sec. 70-393. - Community water and sewer systems.

In the planned residential district, community water and sewer systems, approved by the health department, shall be provided for all lots less than two acres in area. Individual wells and sewage disposal systems, approved by the health department, may be used on any lot of two acres or more.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 503)

 

Sec. 70-394. - Streets and roads.

In the planned residential district, streets and roads shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the state department of transportation subdivision street standards. Streets and roads shall be maintained either by the state department of transportation or by a property owners' association established pursuant to Code of Virginia, § 55-508 et seq.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 504)

 

Sec. 70-395. - Site standards.

In the planned residential district, the minimum site area for a planned residential community pursuant to this division shall be 30 acres. At least one-third of the total area shall be owned by the property owners' association and reserved for recreation and open space.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 505)

 

Sec. 70-396. - Height regulations.

In the planned residential district, structures other than public utility facilities shall be 40 feet or less in height. The board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 40 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 506)

 

Sec. 70-397. - Plan of development may be proffered as condition of rezoning.

At the time of application for rezoning, the applicant may submit a complete plan of development, showing:

(1) The areas to be subdivided for dwelling units;

(2) The areas to be used for recreation and community facilities;

(3) Preliminary plans for community water and sanitary sewer systems;

(4) Preliminary plans of roads;

(5) Draft articles of incorporation of the property owners' association;

(6) Draft conditions, covenants and restrictions for property owners; and

(7) Other information necessary for the county to determine whether the application serves the public health, safety and general welfare.

All information submitted by the applicant pursuant to this section shall be proffered as conditions for rezoning, pursuant to Code of Virginia, § 15.2-2297. Approval of the application for rezoning shall constitute acceptance of such proffered conditions, and the rezoning shall be conditioned upon the fulfillment of such proffers.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 507)

 

Sec. 70-398. - Area and frontage regulations.

An application for rezoning shall set forth the minimum area and frontage of lots. After approval by the board of supervisors, such requirements shall become part of the zoning regulations for the property. For any property zoned R-3 as of January 1, 1990, the minimum lot area shall be 10,000 square feet, and the minimum frontage shall be 60 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 508)

 

Sec. 70-399. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the planned residential district, the setback from primary highways shall be determined by section 70-646. The application for rezoning shall set forth requirements for setbacks from subdivision streets, and side and rear yards. After approval by the board of supervisors, the property owners' association shall be responsible for administering the regulations for setbacks and yards. For any property zoned R-3 as of January 1, 1990, the setback shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way of the front street, the setback shall be 25 feet from the right-of-way of the side street for corner lots, the minimum side yard shall be eight feet, and the minimum rear yard shall be 25 feet.

(b) The setback for any new dwelling shall be a minimum of 50 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. For any property zoned R-3 as of January 1, 1990, the setback shall be 25 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. Construction proposed to take place within any floodplain shall comply with those provisions as outlined in chapter 34

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 509; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 509.01; Ord. of 5-8-2001)

 

Sec. 70-400. - Signs.

(a) In the planned residential district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines. See also section 70-696 et seq.

(b) Multifamily dwellings shall be permitted one square foot of sign area for every two linear feet of building frontage. The total area in signs shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than half the total.

(c) Other uses and unimproved lots shall be limited to six square feet of permanent signs.

(d) Monument signs and pylon signs shall be eight feet or less in height. Building signs shall not project above the top or sides of the building.

(e) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists and pedestrians.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 510; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-401--70-420. - Reserved.




DIVISION 6. - MULTIFAMILY RESIDENTIAL ZONING DISTRICT (R-4)


Sec. 70-421. - Intent.

The multifamily residential district is composed of multifamily dwellings such as garden apartments, townhouses, housing for the elderly or disabled, and other uses of a similar intensity. It protects such areas from the traffic, noise, and other effects of commercial and industrial uses, and avoids conflicts with agricultural uses. The uses in this district require community water and sewer systems.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 601)

 

Sec. 70-422. - Permitted uses.

In the multifamily residential district, land may be used for the following uses, and any customarily incidental accessory use, including home occupations:

(1) Single-family dwellings.

(2) Two-family dwellings.

(3) Multifamily dwellings.

(4) Elder care center, child day care center, or nursery school.

(5) Place of worship.

(6) Public uses such as schools, parks, playgrounds, libraries, public utilities and maintenance facilities.

(7) Recreational, administrative and service facilities that are an integral part of a housing complex.

(8) Signs subject to sections 70-431 and 70-696 et seq.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 602)

 

Sec. 70-423. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the multifamily residential district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Housing for the elderly or disabled at a density of up to 25 dwelling units per acre, provided that commercial, recreational and religious uses are within one-fourth mile.

(2) Two or more new manufactured units that meet the HUD Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards or the CABO One and Two Family Dwelling Code, with site-built amenities such as a garage, porch or facade, incorporated into a single residential structure containing at least 1,400 square feet of living space, skirted on all sides with brick, with a roof pitch of at least 5:12.

(3) Nursing home.

(4) Professional office.

(5) Retail store not exceeding 4,000 square feet gross floor area.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 603)

 

Sec. 70-424. - Community water and sewer systems.

In the multifamily residential district, community water and sewer systems, approved by the health department, shall be provided for all lots, buildings and structures.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 604)

 

Sec. 70-425. - Area and density.

(a) In the multifamily residential district, the minimum area for a multifamily project shall be five acres.

(b) The maximum density shall be eight units per gross acre, except for housing for the elderly or disabled pursuant to section 70-423(1).

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 605)

 

Sec. 70-426. - Frontage regulations.

(a) In the multifamily residential district, each lot shall meet the minimum requirement either at the front lot line, or at the required building setback.

(b) For any use other than attached single-family dwellings, the minimum frontage shall be 70 feet.

(c) For attached single-family dwellings, the minimum frontage shall be 18 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 606)

 

Sec. 70-427. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the multifamily residential district, the regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet, six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The setback from a parking lot shall be 25 feet.

(e) The minimum rear yard for single-family dwellings or accessory structures shall be 25 feet.

(f) The minimum side or rear yard for multifamily dwellings and commercial buildings shall be 50 feet.

(g) The space between buildings in a multifamily project shall not be less than 1.5 times the height of the taller of the buildings if windows exist in one or both facing walls. If facing walls have no windows, the distance between buildings shall not be less than the height of the taller of the buildings.

(h) The setback for any new dwelling shall be a minimum of 50 feet from the shoreline of any body of water. Construction proposed to take place within any floodplain shall comply with those provisions as outlined in chapter 34

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 607; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 607.07)

 

Sec. 70-428. - Height regulation.

In the multifamily residential district, structures other than public utility facilities shall be 50 feet or less in height. The board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 50 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 608)

 

Sec. 70-429. - Requirements for common areas.

In the multifamily residential district, at least one-third of the gross land area of a multifamily project shall be set aside for recreation and open space. Such common areas shall be located on the same tract of land as the multifamily dwellings and shall be available for entry and use by the occupants. The owner shall designate an agent, satisfactory to the board of supervisors, to maintain such common areas without expense to the county. Such areas shall be used exclusively for recreation and shall not include parking lots, streets or other impervious surfaces. Each project shall provide at least two playgrounds, and no playground shall be less than 10,000 square feet in area. At least one shall be improved with equipment appropriate to preschool and elementary schoolchildren, and at least one shall be improved with equipment appropriate for secondary schoolchildren.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 609)

 

Sec. 70-430. - Limitation on number of units.

In the multifamily residential district, no more than eight townhouses or other attached single-family dwelling units shall be included in one structure. The maximum length of any structure in this district shall not exceed 200 feet, except for nursing homes or housing for the elderly or disabled.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 610)

 

Sec. 70-431. - Signs.

(a) In the multifamily residential district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines. See also section 70-696 et seq.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any lot occupied by multifamily dwellings shall be one square foot of sign area for every two linear feet of building frontage. The total area shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than one-half of the total.

(c) The total area of permanent signs on any lot not occupied by multifamily dwellings shall be limited to ten square feet.

(d) Pylon signs shall be eight feet or less in height. Building signs shall not project above the top or sides of the building.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 611; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-432--70-450. - Reserved.

 

DIVISION 7. - LIMITED COMMERCIAL ZONING DISTRICT (C-1)


Sec. 70-451. - Intent.

The limited commercial district provides for small businesses that will serve nearby residential districts. The character of development should be compatible with residential surroundings. Traffic and parking congestion should be held to a minimum to protect the public safety while preserving neighborhood character and property values in the surrounding residential districts. This district may serve as a buffer between more intensive commercial development and residential or agricultural uses.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 701)

 

Sec. 70-452. - Permitted uses.

In the limited commercial district, land may be used for the following uses and any customarily incidental accessory use, provided that no merchandise, materials, tractor-trailers, or equipment are stored outdoors:

(1) Office not exceeding 4,000 square feet of gross floor area.

(2) Place of worship.

(3) Public use such as school, park, library, fire or rescue station, public utility or maintenance facility.

(4) Retail store not exceeding 4,000 square feet of gross floor area.

(5) Signs in accordance with sections 70-456 and 70-696 et seq.

(6) Up to four dwelling units attached to an office or a retail store.

(7) Temporary uses, with a zoning permit pursuant to section 70-940, limited to the following:

a. Temporary or seasonal sales.

b. Special events.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 702; Ord. of 3-9-2010)


Sec. 70-453. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the limited commercial district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Any commercial use compatible with residential surroundings, that is not permitted in any other district.

(2) Bed and breakfast inn.

(3) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 703)

 

Sec. 70-454. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the limited commercial district, the regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet, six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The minimum side yard width shall be 20 feet.

(e) The minimum rear yard width shall be 35 feet.

(f) For corner lots, the minimum yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 35 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 35 feet.

(g) No more than two-thirds of any lot shall be covered with impervious surfaces such as buildings and parking lots.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 704)

 

Sec. 70-455. - Height regulations.

In the limited commercial district, structures other than public utility facilities shall be 40 feet or less in height. The board of zoning appeals may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 40 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 705)

 

Sec. 70-456. - Signs.

(a) In the limited commercial district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any improved lot shall not exceed two square feet of sign for each linear foot of building frontage. The total shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than half the total.

(c) The total area of permanent signs on any unimproved lot shall not exceed 32 square feet.

(d) The height of on-site pylon signs shall not exceed 18 feet. Building signs shall not project above the top of the building more than one-third of the total height of the building.

(e) The total area of off-site advertising signs on any lot shall not exceed 32 square feet. The height of off-site advertising signs shall not exceed eight feet.

(f) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists or pedestrians.

(g) Digital signs are permitted as set forth in section 70-701

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 706; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-457--70-480. - Reserved.


DIVISION 8. - GENERAL COMMERCIAL ZONING DISTRICT (C-2)


Sec. 70-481. - Intent.

The general commercial district provides for commercial uses to which the public requires direct and frequent access. General commercial uses will normally be located on primary highways near population centers. Agricultural uses and residential developments are not permitted because they tend to conflict with commercial uses over traffic, noise, hours of operation, and other nuisance issues. Industrial uses, which tend to create less serious conflicts, are permitted by special use permit.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 801)

 

Sec. 70-482. - Permitted uses.

In the general commercial district, land may be used for the following uses and any accessory use:

(1) Automobile sales, service, storage or rental.

(2) Commercial assembly plant, such as a printing or framing shop.

(3) Office / Office building.

(4) Place of worship.

(5) Private cultural, recreational or institutional use.

(6) Public use such as school, park, library, fire or rescue station, public utility, or maintenance facility.

(7) Restaurant.

(8) Retail store.

(9) Signs in accordance with sections 70-486 and 70-696 et seq.

(10) Up to four dwelling units attached to any permitted commercial use.

(11) Temporary uses, with a zoning permit pursuant to section 70-940, limited to the following:

a. Temporary or seasonal sales.

b. Special events.

(12) Vocational Training Facility

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 802; Ord. of 3-9-2010; Ord. of 11-13-2013)


Sec. 70-483. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the general commercial district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Carnival, circus, noncommercial fairground or similar temporary activity.

(2) Limited manufacturing and processing.

(3) Manufactured home sales and service.

(4) Theater, video game parlor, or other recreational use.

(5) Wholesale distribution or warehouse.

(6) Adult-oriented business.

(7) Any commercial use which is not expressly permitted in any district.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 803)

 

Sec. 70-484. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the general commercial district, the regulations of this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet, six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The minimum side or rear yard width adjacent to a residential or agricultural district shall be 50 feet. The side or rear yard shall be suitably fenced and/or landscaped to screen the agricultural or residential use from any adverse impact. The suitability of the fencing or landscaping shall be reviewed and approved as part of the site plan review before a zoning permit is issued. (See section 70-117 et seq.)

(e) The minimum side yard width adjacent to a commercial or industrial district shall be ten feet. The minimum rear yard width adjacent to a commercial or industrial district shall be 20 feet.

(f) For corner lots, the minimum side yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 35 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 35 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 804; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 804.04)

 

Sec. 70-485. - Height regulations.

In the general commercial district, structures shall be 100 feet or less in height. The board of supervisors may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 100 feet. See section 70-67(a).

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 805)

 

Sec. 70-486. - Signs.

(a) In the general commercial district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any improved lot shall not exceed two square foot of sign for each linear foot of building frontage. The total shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than half the total.

(c) The total area of permanent signs on any unimproved lot shall not exceed 32 square feet.

(d) The height of on-site pylon signs shall not exceed 18 feet. Building signs shall not project above the top of the building more than one-third of the total height of the building.

(e) The total area of off-site signs on any lot shall not exceed 32 square feet. The height of off-site signs shall not exceed eight feet.

(f) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists or pedestrians.

(g) Digital signs are permitted as set forth in section 70-701

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 806; Ord. of 7-26-2011)



Secs. 70-487--70-510. - Reserved.



DIVISION 9. - LIMITED INDUSTRIAL ZONING DISTRICT (I-1)


Sec. 70-511. - Intent.

The limited industrial district establishes an area for industrial uses which may create some nuisance, and which are not compatible with residential or neighborhood commercial service uses. It encourages research and development and other office industrial uses by separating them from both heavy industry and residential and neighborhood commercial uses.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 901)

 

Sec. 70-512. - Permitted uses.

In the limited industrial district, land may be used for the following uses and any customarily incidental accessory use, provided that no merchandise, materials, or equipment are stored outdoors:

(1) Automobile and equipment sales, service, storage or rental.

(2) Laboratory.

(3) Limited manufacturing and processing.

(4) Office / Office Building.

(5) Public utility, fire or rescue station, or maintenance facility.

(6) Signs in accordance with sections 70-516 and 70-696 et seq.

(7) Wholesale distribution or warehouse.

(8) Vocational Training Facility

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 902; Ord. of 11-13-2013)

 

Sec. 70-513. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the limited industrial district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Any commercial use.

(2) Any industrial use which is conducted outdoors.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 903)

 

Sec. 70-514. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the limited industrial district, the regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet, six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 50 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The minimum side or rear yard width adjacent to an agricultural or residential district shall be 100 feet. The side or rear yard shall be suitably fenced or landscaped, or both, to protect the adjacent property from any adverse impact. The suitability of the fencing or landscaping shall be reviewed and approved as part of the site plan review before a zoning permit is issued. See section 70-116 et seq.

(e) The minimum rear yard width adjacent to a commercial or industrial district shall be 50 feet.

(f) For corner lots, the minimum side yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 50 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 50 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 904)

 

Sec. 70-515. - Height regulations.

In the limited industrial district, structures shall be 100 feet or less in height. The board of supervisors may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 100 feet. See section 70-67(a).

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 905)

 

Sec. 70-516. - Signs.

(a) In the limited industrial district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any improved lot shall not exceed one square foot of sign for each linear foot of building frontage. The total area of signs shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than half the total.

(c) The total area of permanent signs on any unimproved lot shall not exceed 32 square feet.

(d) The height of on-site pylon signs shall not exceed 18 feet. Building signs shall not project above the top of the building more than one-third of the total height of the building. The height of off-site signs shall not exceed eight feet.

(e) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists or pedestrians.

(f) Digital signs are permitted as set forth in section 70-701

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 906; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-517--70-540. - Reserved.



DIVISION 10. - GENERAL INDUSTRIAL ZONING DISTRICT (I-2)


Sec. 70-541. - Intent.

The general industrial district establishes an area for heavy commercial and industrial uses which may create some nuisance, and which are not compatible with residential, institutional or neighborhood commercial uses. It encourages heavy commercial and industrial uses by prohibiting residential and neighborhood commercial uses, or any other use which would interfere with the development, continuation or expansion of commercial and industrial uses in the district.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1001)

 

Sec. 70-542. - Permitted uses.

In the general industrial district, land may be used for the following uses and any customarily incidental accessory use:

(1) Automobile sales, repair, storage or service.

(2) Building materials sales, plumbing and electrical sales and service, lumberyard, or equipment and machinery sales and service.

(3) Manufacturing or processing not involving flammable or explosive materials.

(4) Signs in accordance with sections 70-546 and 70-696 et seq.

(5) Utility, fire or rescue station, or maintenance facility.

(6) Warehouse, wholesale business or freight terminal.

(7) Office / Office Building

(8) Vocational Training Facility

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1002; Ord. of 11-13-2013)

 

Sec. 70-543. - Uses permitted by special use permit.

In the general industrial district, the following uses may be permitted upon issuance of a special use permit by the board of supervisors:

(1) Any industrial use involving flammable or explosive materials.

(2) Automobile graveyard or salvage operation.

(3) Any industrial use which is clearly neither a permitted use in this district nor a use permitted by right in any other district.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1003)

 

Sec. 70-544. - Setback and yards.

(a) In the general industrial district, the regulations in this section shall apply to all buildings, all structures that require building permits, and all temporary or portable buildings greater than 150 square feet in floor area or greater than eight feet, six inches in height.

(b) For setbacks from primary highways, see section 70-646 et seq.

(c) The setback from any secondary road or subdivision street shall be 35 feet from the right-of-way.

(d) The minimum side or rear yard width adjacent to a residential or agricultural district shall be 100 feet. The side or rear yard shall be suitably fenced or landscaped, or both, to protect the adjacent use from any adverse impact. Fencing shall be at least eight feet in height as measured from grade and shall consist of a solid material such that the industrial use is effectively screened from view. Landscaping shall at least consist of two rows of evergreen trees, at least eight feet in height and located 20 feet apart and staggered. The suitability of the fencing or landscaping shall be reviewed and approved as part of the site plan review before a zoning permit is issued. See section 70-116 et seq. The property owner shall be responsible for maintaining landscaping and fencing, including the replacement of dead trees and shrubs and the repair of any damaged or broken fencing, in a manner consistent with the provisions of this section.

(e) The minimum side or rear yard width adjacent to a commercial or industrial district shall be 50 feet.

(f) For corner lots, the minimum side yard width adjacent to the side street shall be 50 feet. For double-frontage lots, the minimum rear yard width shall be 50 feet.

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1004; Ord. of 8-11-1998, § 1004.03)

 

Sec. 70-545. - Height regulations.

In the general industrial district, structures shall be 100 feet or less in height. The board of supervisors may grant a special exception to allow a structure taller than 100 feet. See section 70-67(a).

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1005)

 

Sec. 70-546. - Signs.

(a) In the general industrial district, signs are permitted as set forth in this section. In granting a special use permit, the board of supervisors may allow signs that exceed these guidelines.

(b) The total area of permanent signs on any improved lot shall not exceed one square foot of sign for each linear foot of building frontage. The total area of signs shall be distributed among building, pylon and monument signs such that pylon signs make up no more than half the total.

(c) The total area of signs on any unimproved lot shall not exceed 32 square feet.

(d) The height of on-site pylon signs shall not exceed 18 feet. Building signs shall not project above the top of the building more than one-third of the total height of the building. The height of off-site signs shall not exceed eight feet.

(e) Signs may be lighted so that they are illuminated from within or have one or more lights shining on them so that each face of the sign is illuminated. Lights used to internally and externally illuminate each face of a sign shall be directed so as to minimize glare to passing motorists or pedestrians.

(f) Digital signs are permitted as set forth in section 70-701

(Ord. of 5-2-1996, § 1006; Ord. of 7-26-2011)

 

Secs. 70-547--70-580. - Reserved.